Light is an important aspect in photography. It determines brightness, darkness, tone, mood, and the atmosphere. The job of a photographer is to use that light in the best possible way. The lighting process starts with measuring the light and determining the best settings for the available light, using a flash to add some light to a scene, and using light to illuminate or hide areas in your images.
#1 The source of your light has a huge impact on your subject
Light illuminating from behind the camera and pointing directly onward gives a flat lighting. This will give the background of the image with shadows.
Side lighting, however, produces a more interesting light, emphasizing the shape of the subject, and casting in a partial shadow which gives a more dramatic look. One common example of this lighting type is Rembrandt lighting.
Lighting coming from the back of your subject gives an alternative effect. This time most of the light is hitting the side of the subject making it brighter, which creates a more distinctive and dramatic photo.
#2 Adding a diffuser to the source of your light can reduce beam and dark shadows and also lessens blemishes on your subject.
It gives your artificial light a soft, natural-looking result. There are various ways on how you can diffuse light such as using soft boxes, umbrellas, and sheer heatproof material.
#3 Light can also be manipulated to fall on a specific area on your subject
Light manipulation can be achieved through the use of diffusers and reflectors. You can put on collapsible reflectors shape sunlight or bounce flash light on areas that you prefer to highlight. You can also use spot lights covered in light shapers to enable you to have control over the direction of the light.
#4 You can also create more effects through Photoshop
This popular software can help you enhance and improve your photographs with options to change color balance, improving tones, sharpening, noise reduction, cropping, and even converting to black and white among others. The difference between a breath-taking photo and a poor one is lighting. Mastering how to use light to your advantage will put you on the path to achieving professional-looking results of your photographs.